The uncommon whole tone scale consists of 6 tones that are each separated by a whole tone, making it a hexatonic scale. Many common scales like the major and minor scale use a variety of half and whole-step intervals, but the whole tone scale has two semitones (also known as half steps) between each note. Since each note is separated by a whole step, whole-tone scales do not have a leading tone.
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There are only two ways to play through a whole tone scale. You can either start your scale with C and follow with D E F# G# A#, or you can start with C# and follow with D# F G A and B. You can actually start the scales with any notes in either of the two ways you play it, but notice that both scales do not share any keys.
When trying to play chords in this scale in the form of triads, you will notice that the only option for chords will be augmented chords. In fact, there are really only 2 triads that you can play and no matter how you invert the triads, they will sound alike. This rare scale really limits your options when it comes to chord progressions.
The whole tone scale is used at the beginning of Stevie Wonder's "You Are The Sunshine Of My Life". The scale is used to demonstrate feelings of love and passionate curiosity that we as people can feel when we find someone with which we are deeply infatuated.
Another well-known example of the whole tone scale is in many sections of King Crimson's "Fracture". King Crimson's sound was often explained as heavily influenced derived from classical composers and jazz composers. Other examples of popular songs with whole-tone scale elements include John Coltrane's "One Down, One Up", Art Tatum's "Tiger Rag", and Claude Debussy's "Voiles".
The whole tone scale is often used in television and movies in the background of a dream sequence, a magical sequence, or a situation where someone is going through an inner-thought process. A popular example is the intro music to the classic 90s show "Sabrina the Teenage Witch" which details the exciting and chaotic life of a young girl finding out about her powers. The whole tone scale gives off a feeling of magic and wonder when it is played straight through.
Another very popular example of where whole-tone scale elements appear in TV media is with The Simpsons theme song. Certain sections of the intro theme music rely deeply on whole-tone scale elements to give off the sense of excitement and chaos, but the main scale it uses is the Lydian Dominant scale.
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