What Is A Run In Singing Wednesday May 12 2021, 9:34 PM
Yona Marie
Singer, Songwriter, Producer.
What Is A Run In Singing

What Are Riffs And Runs In Singing?

Have you ever been watching a singing performance and heard someone say "you better sing that run" to which you agree that the vocal phrase was nice, but don't exactly know what made it nice? You know the singer sounds good, and you know they did something cool with their voice, but you're like "what is a run?"

Ever heard someone sing a crazy vocal part and you reactively start scrunching your face up like "whew, that was nasty!" (but in a good way)? It was likely them singing a killer run. You've heard runs all throughout your life and you just don't know it. You probably have even seen someone throw something like a shoe at the singer because of their run or riff being so good. Riffs and runs are vocal acrobatics that can be performed when sinigng. 

What's The Difference Between A Run And A Riff?

You may have also heard of the synonym for a run, called a "riff" that a singer performs and people react well to. Some people like to call riffs the shorter versions or runs, while others say riffs can go up and down while runs go straight down a scale only.


How Do Singers Make Their Runs?

A run or riff is a series of at least 3 notes, that are close in pitch, sung consecutively, and very fast. Think of someone running down steps, where the person running is the voice, and each step is each note or pitch that they hit while singing downward.

Note how stairs are different from a slide, so sliding down a scale vocally is not running. Each note needs to be crisply hit. 

Here's an example of me singing a run that has 3 notes in it. The notes, E, D, and C, or also Mi, Re, and Do, go straight down the major scale. 

Here's one where I sing two runs put together, totaling six notes. Their paired 3 and 3 with E D C, then D C A, or Mi Re Do, then Re, Do, La. 

Here's an example of a run where I hit 5 consecutive notes really fast. The notes are E D C A G, or Mi Re Do La So. 

My examples are of me running in a descending direction, but you can also do upwards runs. I personally find upward runs a bit harder to do, and to back up my point, I rarely hear people do them! 

When Do You Pull Out G̶u̶n̶s̶ Runs As A Singer?

Runs are best used when you're freestyling on a song, also known as adlibbing. The longer, the run the more impressive. it is You will often hear runs in intros, outros, and the adlib part where a singer is freestyling over the hook of a song. Runs are also often used in the climactic point of a verse or chorus to emphasize a key phrase.

Related Post: What Makes A Really Good Singer?

You can really throw a run anywhere in a song as long as it isn't overkilled. Short, three-note runs can fit into so many places in a song that many singers just do it subconsciously. 

In terms of the style of song for runs, long runs are most often pulled out for gospel and soul tracks. As you can imagine, as a soul and gospel singer, I've done my fair share of work solely on perfecting the run or riff, as it's a huge part of the way I learned the ropes in singing while growing up. 

Now go ahead and try to run yourself! It's pretty hard, but mimicking what you hear the pros do is how I learned to do them. All it takes is good practice and consistency, and you'll be a runner in no time. 


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Yona Marie

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