8 Popular Musical Ornaments And Embellishments For Performers Tuesday September 12 2023, 3:00 PM
Yona Marie
Singer, Songwriter, Producer.
8 Popular Musical Ornaments And Embellishments For Performers

Music Ornamentation

Onaments are fascinating and versatile elements in music that add depth, expressiveness, and artistic energy to performances.

These elements can convey a wide range of emotions, from joy and excitement to sadness and longing. While they are often associated with instrumental music, they are also extensively used in vocal music.

They can also serve as storytelling devices within a piece of music. Ornamentation emphasizes key moments, creates tension, adds surprise, and enriches the narrative quality of the music.

While some of these options below aren't the traditional ornaments mentioned in many music history courses, I feel these techniques are highly relevant for all types of musicians, including singers, pianists, and string players. 

Runs And Riffs

Runs and riffs are embellishments that can add a burst of energy and virtuosity to your musical performance, regardless of your instrument or vocal range.

These cascading sequences of notes often involve quick, intricate patterns through scales or arpeggios. Musicians commonly use runs and riffs in various genres, including classical, jazz, and contemporary music.

For instrumentalists like pianists and guitarists, mastering runs and riffs requires dexterity and precision. It's crucial to practice scales and arpeggios extensively to build the technical foundation necessary for executing these ornaments.

Vocalists, too, can benefit from integrating runs and riffs into their singing, allowing for more expressive and captivating performances.



Melismas, a fundamental ornamentation technique in vocal music, have been used for centuries to convey profound emotions and intricate melodies.

This technique involves singing multiple notes on a single syllable, stretching it over a sequence of pitches. Commonly found in classical and choral music, melismas can also be adapted to various contemporary styles.

To master melismas, vocalists need not only a strong vocal technique but also an understanding of musical phrasing and expression. It's about finding the right balance between precision and emotion. 

Whether you aspire to sing operatic arias or contemporary ballads, understanding and mastering melismas can open up new avenues for artistic expression and help you connect with your audience.


Trills are a timeless ornamentation technique that can add elegance and sophistication to your music, especially if you're a classical musician or a vocalist.

A trill involves rapidly alternating between two adjacent notes, creating a fluttering effect. It's a hallmark of virtuosity and a staple in the repertoire of many composers.

For pianists and string players, trills require precise finger or bow control. Vocalists, on the other hand, must develop vocal agility to execute trills effectively.

Trills are not just about technical prowess but also about adding depth and expressiveness to your music. Whether you're interpreting a Baroque aria or a contemporary love song, mastering trills can be a great idea.

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Slides are a versatile ornamentation technique that can be used by musicians of all types and across various genres.

They involve smoothly transitioning from one note to another, often encompassing several pitches in between. Slides can add a sense of fluidity, emotion, and style to your playing or singing.

Whether you're a guitarist, brass player, or vocalist, slides can be an essential tool in your musical palette.

Mastering slides requires careful control of pitch, timing, and expression. By incorporating slides into your performances, you can make our music more engaging and memorable for your audience.

Grace Notes

Grace notes are a delightful form of ornamentation that can lend charm and sophistication to your musical phrases.

These brief, decorative notes are often used as embellishments to enhance the main melody or note. Grace notes can be found in various musical genres, from classical to folk and jazz.

An acciaccatura is a very short, fast, and often dissonant grace note that is played or sung quickly before the main note it embellishes.

An appoggiatura is a longer, more melodically significant grace note that is also played or sung just before the main note.



Vibrato is a fundamental ornamentation technique primarily used by string players and vocalists.

It involves oscillating the pitch of a note, adding warmth, depth, and expressiveness to the sound. Vibrato is a critical element of musical phrasing and interpretation.

Whether you're performing a soulful ballad or a lyrical violin concerto, mastering vibrato is essential for creating captivating and emotionally resonant music.

Vibrato can vary in speed and width, and these variations affect the character of the sound. Fast vibrato has a more intense, shimmering quality and is often used for dramatic or passionate passages, while slow vibrato is smoother and may convey a more relaxed, lyrical mood.

Related Post: How To Sing Vibrato - Forced Vs. Natural Pitch Variation

Vocal Fry

Vocal fry is a modern and unconventional ornamentation technique that has gained popularity in contemporary music.

It involves producing a low-pitched, creaky vocal sound, adding a unique texture to your singing. Vocal fry has been used by artists in pop, R&B, and even some forms of rock music to create a distinct vocal style.

Vocal fry may not be for everyone, but for those seeking to experiment with their vocal expression and add a contemporary edge to their music, it can be a fascinating technique to explore.



Dynamics are not traditional ornaments, but they are a critical aspect of musical expression. This refers to the variation in loudness, intensity, and volume in a musical performance.

The way you control the loudness and intensity of your performance profoundly affects the emotional resonance of your music. Dynamics can be considered the overarching framework within which all other ornamentation techniques are applied.

Musicians of all types, from classical pianists to rock guitarists to opera singers, can benefit from mastering dynamic changes.

Yona Marie

As a session singer, writer, and producer that has worked with over 300 clients to provide high-quality jingles, singles, and features, Yona spends her time creating and marketing new music and helpful resources for creators. Check out Yona’s latest releases on her Spotify, her Youtube and share if you like it!

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