Ariana is what we like to call a lyric coloratura soprano. Coloratura means she has a lot of agility with her vocal runs and trills, while lyric means that her high notes have a lot of power in them.
Some will say that she's on the lighter side of a lyric soprano since she often does a mixed head voice for her high notes and not a full belt.
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Ariana is one of the most popular vocal stars in the current pop music era that is known for her insane upper register. She has a killer range that spans 4 octaves. While she has great whistle-tone notes, she is flexible in her lower range as well.
Ariana has a pretty impressive low range for a soprano singer. In the example above on her version of "Take Care", she is heard singing an E3.
She sings very lightly and in a whispered tone in her lower range, but the notes don't sound too airy to the point that she's struggling or anything.
If she were more of an alto, she might have more body and depth to her low notes. It can also be difficult for sopranos to sing full low notes in live performances, so this is where Ariana focuses on her strengths in the upper range.
Ariana is known for having some insanely high notes where she belts and sings in her whistle tone.
Her belts can reach as high as a G5, as demonstrated on the studio recording and many live performances of her hit song "Dangerous Woman" as you can hear above in the featured video.
She also often mixes her head and chest voice to do a vocal mix, in which she can conserve her belting energy for live performances by putting a little bit of head voice in the mix with her belt to give her vocal cords less strain.
She's best known for her impressive whistle-tone notes, which are some of the highest notes from any pop star ever. Like greats, including Mariah Carey and Minnie Ripperton, Ariana can hit these notes effortlessly in live and studio performances consistently.
As shown above in her cover of Mariah Carey's "Emotions", Ariana hit an E7 like it was nothing. And here I was, thinking she was going to stop at C7!
Ariana's high notes haven't changed that much, but she has grown comfortable with her lower range over the years, specifically when it comes to her live performances.
In her early years, she would rarely go below middle C when on stage, but now she has found more control and breath support to hit her lower notes and make them sound natural and not forced or out of tune.
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